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The Chakma people unit of measurement the largest grouping among town Hill Tracts region in southeastern state, second largest in Mizoram (Chakma Autonomous District Council) and fourth largest in Tripura of North East India. There are 40-50 thousands Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh World Health Organization migrated there in 1964 once the Kaptai dam tragedy. 20-30 thousands Chakmas are in Assam too. Their ethnicity is closely linked with the peoples of East Asia. However, the Chakma language (written within the Chakma script) is a component of the Indo-Aryan language family of the Indian landmass. Most Chakma people are adherents of Therevada Buddhism. The Chakmas are divided into 46 clans or Gozas. The community is headed by the Chakma Raja, whose status as a tribal head has been historically recognized by the Government of British India and the Government of Bangladesh.
Chakmas as per their oral history, it is believed that they migrated to Arakan from ancient kingdom Magadha which is belong to present Bihar state of India. They believe they are also part of Buddha’s Sakya clan from Himalayan tribes. As lots of struggles to survive, they gradually migrated to Arakan, and spread their territory to nearby hills of Chittagong Hill Tracts. They signed a treaty with Mughal Bengal in 1717. The government of British Republic of India|Bharat|Asian country|Asian nation} provided social group autonomy to the realm that continuing once the partition of India. During the development of the Kaptai Dam within the Sixties, many Chakma settlements were submerged due to the creation of the artificial Kaptai Lake. In the mid-1970s, the eruption of the Chittagong Hill Tracts conflict caused some Chakma people to become refugees in NEFA (present Arunachal Pradesh). The conflict resulted in 1997 with the city Hill Tracts Peace Accord. Today, Chakma communities square measure found in each Asian country and Asian nation. Notable Chakma people embody Bhuvan Mohan Roy, Nalinaksha Roy, Benita Roy, Tridev Roy, Debashish Roy, Chandra Kalindi Roy Henriksen, Manabendra Narayan Larma, Jyotirindra Bodhipriya Larma, Kalpana Chakma, Kanak Chanpa Chakma and Amit Chakma. Chakma individuals additionally function officers and ambassadors in Bangladesh’s military and corps diplomatique.